How to read Excel files in CSharp

We are going to be reading data that is stored in Excel files using C#. Writing code to read Excel sheets in C# is really easy! You can read from xlsx, xlsm and xls formats in the same way! We will go over how to do that step by step! Follow along and you will be able to get values out of your sheets with ease!

First, I’ve created a video guide that is embedded here that will show you the entire process! If you would like to learn how to read from excel from a text-based format though, read on!

The first step is to create a new C# Application in Visual Studio, I create a new WinForms application in the above example and use a simple button. You can create a Console application or WinForms application to do the following task.

I would also like to add that this code can be easily converted to work with VB.Net! Most of the code I write to read excel documents is actually written in VB.Net. If you have any questions about how to read from Excel files in CSharp or VB.Net, leave a comment below or on the Youtube video and I will help as soon as I see it!

This is the simple Windows Forms application that I created to read from an excel file. It just contains a simple button.

WinForms app to read Excel Files

Next, you need to double-click on the button to handle the click event. This will get us into the code behind with an event handler already written! That should look like the screenshot below!

After that, we need to include the Excel Object Library. To do this, you need to right-click on References, then click add a reference. Next, you click on COM on the left and search for “Excel”. This will bring up “Microsoft Excel 16.0 Object Library”. This can have different version numbers if you have different versions of Excel installed.

You will have to have a version of Microsoft Office installed for this to work. What the application does, in the end, is create an instance of Excel that we use to open and read the file. So if you don’t have Excel installed, the application can’t create an instance of it. You will know this by not being able to find the Object Library. So if you can’t find the excel reference, it’s most likely because Excel isn’t installed on the box and needs to be installed.

Adding Excel Object Library reference

Once you have the reference added, the next step is to use that reference in the heading of your code. The line of code for this is below. I’ve included the other two lines that will be there already, just so you know where to put the using Excel line.

using System;
using Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
using System.Windows.Forms;

Alright, now we have our references all set up and it’s time to start writing our code to read from the excel document! I created a new function called readExcel, which gets called from the new button click event handler. I’ll show what that looks like in the picture below.

Doing it this way just keeps the excel code out of the designer code. In a perfect world, you would put this function in another class file and not in the same file as the designer code (event handler in this case).

The following code is used to open the workbook

private void readExcel() {
     string filePath = "c:\path\to\file.xls";
     Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application excel = new Excel.Application();
     Workbook wb;
     Worksheet ws;
     wb = excel.Workbooks.Open(filePath);
     ws = wb.Worksheets[1];


Obviously, you will need to change the filePath to your desired file path. I also recommend using a file browser dialog or something to that nature, if the path changes frequently.

So to work through this code, we declare the file path, then we create a new excel application, next we create an object to hold an excel workbook, then we create an object to hold an excel worksheet. After that, we open the file located at the path and it is stored in the wb Workbook variable. Now that we have the book open, we can then get the first sheet and store that in ws, our worksheet variable.

Now that we have everything set up it is time to start reading values from cells!

The simple way to read a value from the excel file would be to just message box out the results using the line of code below.

private void readExcel() {
     string filePath = "c:\path\to\file.xls";
     Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application excel = new Excel.Application();
     Workbook wb;
     Worksheet ws;
     wb = excel.Workbooks.Open(filePath);
     ws = wb.Worksheets[1];

     MessageBox.Show(Convert.ToString(ws.Cells[1, 1].Value));


In my excel file, the cell at 1,1 has the word Apple and the resulting message box looked like this:

Messagebox with Excel data

Below I have broken that line down into parts that make it easier to understand:

private void readExcel() {
     string filePath = "c:\path\to\file.xls";
     Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application excel = new Excel.Application();
     Workbook wb;
     Worksheet ws;
     wb = excel.Workbooks.Open(filePath);
     ws = wb.Worksheets[1];

     Range cell = ws.Cells[1, 2];
     string CellValue = cell.Value;


The last 3 lines are the important bit. The first line creates a Range object called cell and stores the Range located at position 1,2 in the Excel file in it. Next we create a string variable called CellValue and pull the Value out of the cell variable and store it in the CellValue string. Lastly, we message box out that value. The resulting message box in my example said “Wine”

Another method you can do is to use excel’s own naming convention to read cells and ranges from the sheet. What I mean by that is being able to say “A1” or “A1:B1” to read from the sheet. This will make it easier for you to know where in the document you are reading at a glance. The code for that is below.

Range cell = ws.Range["A1"];

If you attempt to read a range using the above code, you are going to get Object[] as the result. This is because the value is an array instead of a single value. To read in a range of cell values, you will need to loop through the array to display each value. The code for this is located below.

private void readExcel() {
     string filePath = "c:\path\to\file.xls";
     Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application excel = new Excel.Application();
     Workbook wb;
     Worksheet ws;
     wb = excel.Workbooks.Open(filePath);
     ws = wb.Worksheets[1];

     Range cell = ws.Cells["A1:A2"];
     foreach (string Result in cell.Value)

The result of this will be a message box for each cell in the range which will contain the value of each cell. In my case, the first message box said Apple, and the second said Banana.

If you are reading a lot of values out of an Excel sheet, you are going to want to read the data in as a range and store that in an array. At that point, you can manipulate the array in code really quickly. If you read the data in one cell at a time, instead of as a range, it will be much slower with large datasets.

One last thing to note is that you will want to use .close() and .dispose() on your workbook after you are done reading values. This way your excel sheet isn’t continually locked out!

Steps to Read an Excel Sheet with CSharp

  1. Create a new Project

    Create a new windows forms or console application in Visual Studio

  2. Include the Excel Reference

    Include a reference to the Excel Interop Assembly

  3. Add the using statement

    Add the using statement to the top of the class to use the new reference.

  4. Create new excel objects

    Create a new Excel application, workbook object and worksheet object

  5. Open the workbook using the excel application class

    Use excel.workbooks.Open to open the file and store it in the excel workbook object.

  6. Open a worksheet in the workbook

    Use the .worksheets property to open the worksheet from the workbook and store it in the worksheet variable.

  7. Use worksheet.cells[].value to read the value

    Use MessageBox.Show(Convert.ToString(ws.Cells[1, 1].Value)); to read the value from a particular cell in the worksheet and show it to the user. That’s it and thanks for reading!

  8. Close and dispose of the objects

    You will also want to close and dispose of the workbook after you read your data. Otherwise the excel sheet will stay open and locked out.

I hope this was helpful and if you have any questions, feel free to leave a comment!

How to draw in C# using the Graphics Class – CSharp Programming

How to use the Graphics class to draw to the screen in C#

The Graphics class is one of the fundamental classes used in programming with Windows Forms and GDI+. Through the Graphics class, you gain access to information about the display resolution and device capabilities. In this article, you’ll learn about the Paint event and how it supplies you regarding an adequately initialized Graphics object. This article also covers the most common operations performed using the Graphics object.

The first thing we will do is open Visual Studio and click “Create a new project” to get started. We are going to create a new Windows Form in C#. You could choose any project name you would like and its destined location on your desktop/pc. 

A blank project will be generated to serve as your canvas. You could change the width and height based on your preference. The next thing we need to handle is the paint event for the form. When the form is drawing itself, it will call this paint event, and then inside of that, we will get a handle to the graphics object. Afterward, we could paint the form ourselves. It is a step-by-step process that we need to accomplish. 

Declare a new graphics object with this syntax above. With this step, we could make new shapes like rectangles. 

How to draw a rectangle

To draw rectangles and squares in C#, the GraphicsObject provides the DrawRectangle() method. There are two ways to use the DrawRectangle() method. We will begin by drawing a rectangle without a pre-created Rectangle object.

  • The first step is to create a new brush. The syntax above is the code that you can use to alter the color and name of the brush.
  • It also needs the coordinates of the rectangle you want to create. To do that, you can encode the x, y coordinates like in the syntax attached. 
  • Since we’ve used 100×100 as the coordinates, it came out as square, but you could change the coordinates to generate your desired shape.

For the second method

  • To draw a rectangle, you will draw four lines. We will make a drawing pin and set that equal a new pen in this method. You could also set the color for your rectangle. The syntax above is the example that will generate your rectangle. 

How to draw a circle

Ellipses and circles are drawn in C# using the DrawEllipse() method of the GraphicsObject class. 

We made a drawing scene representing the “sun,” a circle in one of our examples. 

  • You could declare a “new brush” to create the round object. The syntax above shows the various brushes for different objects: the ground and the sun in the said scene.
  • An ellipse will be generated using the declared sun brush and filled with this syntax in the next step.

How to draw a line

Lines are drawn in C# using the DrawLine() method of the Graphics Object. This method takes a pre-instantiated Pen object and two sets of x and y coordinates (the start and endpoints of the line) as arguments.

A “ground” was made to complete the drawing scene in the example. A straight line represents it. 

Coordinates were also filled up to determine the width, height, and length to set up the ground.

The next step in this project is to try drawing a person! A stickman person, to be exact. It will be composed of a circle for its head, a line for its limbs and body.

  • We added another drawing pen to change its color, white. 

In the syntax above, we tried to make a whole component to make a stickman. With various lines and objects, it resulted in the image below. 

The background is also changed to the color blue! And there you go, a scene with a stickman was made using simple objects and lines. 

How to draw an image

To draw an image, it will require creating a bitmap from the file. To do this, the syntax below will help to run the image.  We will use the image above as the background for our generated image.

The syntax above draws the image, but the problem is that our form and image aren’t the exact sizes.  We could stretch the image to fit the form by doing a new rectangle.

The image will be stretched to fit the form better with this code. 

We will also try to attach some images to the scene. We will do next to draw an image bitmap from the file again. 

The attached image is quite big, so you could opt for a smaller size of the image you want. 

This is the revised image of the cat once you’ve scaled it correctly. 

Here is the complete syntax for the background and the cat. Make sure to layer your drawings correctly to make them appear in the correct order. After the cat image, we will draw the bird. 

Here is the image after the code for the bird image is generated and run. 

To add an extra effect, we will add a line object in the scene. 

The last thing that we will add to this project is text. To include text in your image, follow this syntax below. Make sure to set a font style first!

The text is added and repeated three times. The project is done!

This article shows how various graphical objects can be drawn within a drawing programmatically using C#. It may be quite challenging, but first but with troubleshooting, patience, and creativity, you could also finish a project in no time!

How to install WordPress on Windows using XAMPP – WordPress Local setup in 2021

Want to set up XAMPP with WordPress on your computer or install WordPress locally? This is a perfect option if you need a development site for testing or other purposes.

Why use XAMPP?

XAMPP allows you to host a website on your computer. After you’ve set it up, you can create a new WordPress installation with a few clicks. However, installing XAMPP with WordPress might be difficult, so that you may want assistance.

Getting started with XAMPP and WordPress

The first thing you must do is download WordPress from the website. As seen in the image below, open the URL, scroll down the page, and click the download WordPress button.

Installing XAMPP

XAMPP by Bitnami

Moving further, you’ll need to use XAMPP to install WordPress on localhost. XAMPP is available for download from the website. When the configuration is complete, click the Next button.

XAMPP Components

Now, look at the image below; some components must be checked before they may be installed. We simply need Apache, MySQL, and PHP to set up WordPress. You may either uncheck everything except Apache, MySQL, and PHP or leave them checked.

XAMPP Control Panel

Starting Apache using XAMPP

We’ll start apache by pressing the start button, and it should become green. It will also display ports 80 and 443, the default ports used by Apache. After that, MySQL may be started; the default port is 3306.

The Apache server is now up and running, including PHP and the MySQL database server. Now that the local host is up and running, we can install WordPress.

Creating the WordPress Database

Next, you need to create a MySQL database. To do that, launch PHPMyAdmin from your XAMPP control panel.

Then click on Databases at the top. 

Click Create after giving your database a name. It doesn’t matter what your chosen database name is; just remember it since you’ll need it for the following stage.

When you install XAMPP with WordPress, you don’t need to create a new database user. You can use the default user, If you are installing WordPress on a live web server though, you should create a custom user for WordPress.

Now we’ve got our WordPress database set up to start the installation process.

Installing WordPress

First, go to Windows Explorer and look for the XAMPP install location. Inside of the XAMPP install location will be a folder called htdocs. Delete all of the files inside of htdocs. These files were the demo website that comes with XAMPP.

Go to your Downloads > WordPress folder (the extracted WordPress zip file should be located here) > and copy the components of the WordPress folder to htdocs. 

Now, when we go to the localhost, you will get this page which is the WordPress setup page. 

Now, enter the database name, username, password, and hostname. Then click on submit button. Click on Run the installation

You will enter your new website details here. Site title, username, password, and correct email, click on install WordPress. WordPress will install in a minute. After that, click on the login button and type in your login details.

After clicking on login, it will take you to the WordPress dashboard, and you’re ready to edit the site!

How to use Breakpoints in Visual Studio 2019 – Breakpoint Guide – Csharp VB.Net

Breakpoints are one of the best features when debugging in Visual Studio! Let’s look at how to set and use breakpoints!

What are breakpoints?

A breakpoint indicates where Visual Studio should suspend your actively running code. This allows you to look at the value of variables, the behavior of memory, or whether or not a branch of code is being run. Stepping through your code is one of the best things you can do to learn how to program.

How to set a breakpoint

To start, you can set a breakpoint on any line of executable code by clicking in the margin of the code editor (The green line in the picture above) or simply by right-clicking on a line of code and selecting Breakpoint > Insert Breakpoint. Another option is to press F9 and a breakpoint will be inserted on whatever line you have selected.

Now we have a breakpoint, and we can work on our application!

How to access the Breakpoint Pane

To access the breakpoint pane, hover over to Debug > Windows > Breakpoints. One thing you may want to do is to disable a breakpoint. You can enable/disable or delete breakpoints from this window, search and sort them. You can change breakpoint settings directly from this dialog. There is also an option to delete and export your breakpoints as well. 

You need to start your app with the debugger attached to debugging the app process. F5 (Debug > Start Debugging) is the most common way. However, you may not have set any breakpoints to examine your app code, so we will first debug. 

If you want to jump to the currently selected breakpoint, you could just click it, and it will jump into that right line. 

For more options, you could navigate through “Show Columns.” There is also a search box that is very handy to hover through your code!

You could also edit the label of a breakpoint. Within Visual Studio, once you’ve created a breakpoint, you can add one or more labels to it by simply right-clicking and choosing Edit Labels.

In terms of Hit Count, it works when you want a breakpoint to break after it has been hit a certain amount of times, you can choose Hit Count in the Breakpoint Settings and specify the number of iterations. You could also come over to Conditions (right-click on the breakpoint symbol (in the editor left margin or in the Breakpoint window) and select Condition… (or press Alt + F9, C), which will open the Breakpoint Settings window.) and you could set a hit count condition.

Lets get to know the Watch window

To navigate to the watch window, you will need to select Debug-> Windows -> Watch -> Watch 1. Once you have opened the watch window, you can use it in conjunction with breakpoints to easily check the value of variables while code executes.

The Watch Window allows you to see the value of variables and expressions while debugging. It’s kind of like the DataTip you get when hovering over a variable, except that you can write any expression you want. It’s available from Debug | Windows | Watch | Watch 1 or Ctrl + Alt + W + 1.

There are four watch windows in Visual Studio, which you can use in different contexts (Watch 1, Watch 2, etc.).

Any expression can be entered into the watch window. The same rules apply to expressions as to code. So if you write an illegal expression, you’ll see the same compiler error.

To add items to watch, do any of the following: Write them manually in a new row of the Watch window—Right-click on a variable and choose “Add Watch” in the context menu. Right-click on a variable in the DataTip and select “Add Watch.” “Add Watch” button from QuickWatch.

Breakpoints are a great part of Visual Studio

One of the key features of Visual Studio Code is its great debugging support. VS Code’s built-in debugger helps accelerate your edit, compile, and debug loop. Breakpoints are an essential tool for debugging your applications. You set the breakpoints whenever you want to pause the execution.

Breakpoints really helped me learn how to program. I think they were one of the most valuable tools when it came to understanding code. If you just can’t wrap your head around how a certain block of code works… Just step through it using a breakpoint and watch it work it’s magic! I hope this quick guide on breakpoints helped you and I’ll see you in the next one!

How to Free Up Disk Space on Windows 10

Today we are going to go over multiple ways that will help you free up disk space on your Windows PC. If you have tried to install a game or new application and you just don’t have room then this is going to be super helpful! Be sure to check out the WinDirStat application at the bottom of the list because it helped me the most!

Get an additional hard drive

No matter how large a hard drive or solid-state drive you have in your PC or laptop, there will come a time when you run out of space. If you’re bumping up against your PC’s physical storage limit, here are some quick tricks you can use to reclaim a couple of gigabytes’ worth of storage space. These options will take you only so far; if you need more free space after following these tips, you may need to add a second hard drive or replace your current drive with one with more storage capacity. 

Uninstall Applications using add/remove programs

You probably have some apps and programs on your PC that you don’t use — either apps you’ve installed and forgotten about, or bloatware that came preinstalled on your computer from the manufacturer. To find out which apps are taking up space, open the Settings menu and go to Apps > Apps & features and choose Sort by size. To uninstall an app from this menu, click the app and then click Uninstall.

Run Disk Cleanup

Just one tip, you could also right-click your hard drive, you could click Disk Cleanup. Windows has a built-in disk cleanup utility, aptly named Disk Cleanup, which can help you clear up space by removing various files — including temporary internet files, system error memory dump files, and even previous Windows installations that may still be hanging around. Select the file types you want to delete — from Downloaded Program Files to Thumbnails — and hit OK. If you’re unclear about what files are included for each item listed, click the View Files button to check before proceeding.

Use WinDirStat to find and delete large hidden files

One discovery I’ve also found is WinDirStat. WinDirStat is a disk usage statistics viewer and cleanup tool for various versions of Microsoft Windows. You could opt to download this application here: Go with the recommended installation.

Launch WinDirStat and select the drive you want to evaluate. Click “OK,” and give the program 5 to 10 minutes to scan your hard disk.

When the scan is complete, you’ll be presented with the summary screen. The top half lists files and folders sorted by file size. If you click on a folder or file, the corresponding color block will be highlighted below.

Alternatively, click the large blocks of color to find out which files are taking the most space.

Once you’ve identified the culprit, right-click the file and choose “Delete (to Recycle Bin)” for later disposal, or “Delete (no way to undelete)” for permanent, irreversible deletion.

Perform this scan in WinDirStat about once a month to clean up any files you no longer need access to. For day-to-day file deletion, follow our instructions for permanently deleting files, as emptying the Recycle Bin still leaves traces of the deleted files on your hard drive

How to Write Speech Recognition Applications in C#

by Darkspy13 0 Comments

In this article, we will discuss how to use Microsoft’s Speech Recognition Engine to write a virtual assistant application. Speech recognition apps are the way of the future and they are actually easy to write using Microsoft.Speech Recognition.

Speech Recognition Operations

A speech recognition application will typically perform the following basic operations:

  • Start the speech recognizer.
  • Create a recognition grammar.
  • Load the grammar into the speech recognizer.
  • Register for speech recognition event notification.
  • Create a handler for the speech recognition event.

Free Speech Recognition API

If you are looking for a free solution for a hobby application or if you’re just trying to get your MVP built for your application, this is a nice place to start. You could swap over the code later to use for more expensive APIs available.

In this video, I also referenced Microsoft documentation, you could access this through this link. We used this example, they also have a console app built here. 

The first step is to add the following line.


You need to import the speech recognition engine first and to do that, adding the reference is a must. Navigate to your Solution Explorer and find “References” and search for speech. 

You need to add a reference to the System.Speech assembly, which is located in the GAC.

This is the only reference needed. It contains all of the following namespaces and classes. The System.Speech.Recognition namespace contains the Windows Desktop Speech technology types for implementing speech recognition.

Before you can use the Microsoft SpeechRecognitionEngine, you have to set up several properties and invoke some methods. The next step now is to create a new recognizer. In the video, at the top of my class, I’ve created an empty object for the recognizer. 

// Create an in-process speech recognizer for the en-US locale.  
recognizer = new SpeechRecognitionEngine(new System.Globalization.CultureInfo("en-US"));

On load, I have the following code.


This is a function that has the loading code for the recognizer. We create a new speech recognition engine and pass it as a language because this works in multiple languages. 

private void loadSpeechRecognition()
    // Create an in-process speech recognizer for the en-US locale.  
    recognizer = new SpeechRecognitionEngine(new System.Globalization.CultureInfo("en-US"));

    var gb = new GrammarBuilder(getChoiceLibrary());
    var g = new Grammar(gb);

    // Add a handler for the speech recognized event.  
    recognizer.SpeechRecognized += new EventHandler<SpeechRecognizedEventArgs>(recognizer_SpeechRecognized);

    // Configure input to the speech recognizer.  

    // Start asynchronous, continuous speech recognition.  

Instantiate your recognizer and then you are going to build this choice library.

If you look back to the SpeechRecognitionEngine Class that is linked in this article, they created a list of choices. In your application, you may create a function that returns a list of choices.

    public Choices getChoiceLibrary()
        Choices myChoices = new Choices();
        myChoices.Add("hey " + Agent.charName);
        myChoices.Add("hi " + Agent.charName);
        myChoices.Add("hello " + Agent.charName);
        myChoices.Add("bye " + Agent.charName);
        myChoices.Add("thanks " + Agent.charName);
        //open things
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " open notepad");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " open youtube");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " open excel");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " open discord");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " open davinci");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " play some music");

        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " say nice shot");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " say sorry");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " say no problem");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " say thanks");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " say great pass");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " say good game");

        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " close this tab");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " refresh this tab");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " open gmail");

        //close things
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " close notepad");

        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " lets play chess");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " open chess");

        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " move");
        myChoices.Add(Agent.charName + " move somewhere else");
        return myChoices;

This code creates a new “choices” object and then adds your choices to it.

These pertain to the words the user can say. Make sure to add a list of choices because it heightens the accuracy of your command. 

After you have built your set of choices, it will return back over here to this grammar builder. This is where you can tell the API how a sentence should look.

The next step is the speech recognized event handler.

    public void recognizer_SpeechRecognized(object sender, SpeechRecognizedEventArgs e)

This action is what your recognition engine hears (something that matches with one of the choices), it will call whatever function you have built. I have it calling a function with a few different commands that it can run.

public void processSpeech(string speechText)
        string currWinTitle = currentWindow.GetActiveWindowTitle();
        switch (speechText)
            //open things
            case charName + " open excel":
                myActions.startProcess("excel.exe", "");
            case charName + " open notepad":
                myActions.startProcess("notepad.exe", "");
            case charName + " open youtube":
                myActions.startProcess("chrome.exe", "");
            case charName + " open davinci":
                myActions.startProcess("G:\\DaVinci Resolve\\Resolve.exe", "");

You could also take a look at “e.result.text” which is going to be the result that the recognizer will generate. 

After setting up the event handler is set to listen to input from the default audio device. This determines if it will be listening on your microphone or listening to a headset.

Default audio device

Once you have the above set up your application should be able to listen on the correct device.

Once you have followed all of the above steps, we can start the Speech Recognition Engine asynchronously which will begin listening on another thread. Starting the Engine asynchronously makes it keep listening constantly on a second thread instead of blocking the current thread.

That is it! There are plenty of other possibilities to use the SAPI for, perhaps you could use it for innovative projects!

Thanks for reading and I’ll see you in the next one!

How to check page views of a single page in Google Analytics

Are you curious about how your visitors interact with your one-page website? Do you want to know what interests them the most? Today we talk about how to check page views of a single page! We also deep dive into behavior analytics!

With the right setup, you can easily track your single-page site in Google Analytics just like any other website. Sadly, Analytics doesn’t track pageviews by default on sites that have content on a single page.

Having a single-page website has a lot of benefits over a multi-page site. With a single-page site, your visitors can read your entire content in one place, as they don’t have to explore different pages by making multiple clicks.

Navigate to in your Web browser. Click the “Access Analytics” button on the right side of the page and enter your Google account email address and password if prompted. If you haven’t yet created an Analytics profile for your website, click on the “Admin” tab and click “Add New Account” to create an account for the website you wish to track.

Just a quick note, you need a javascript line to be added to your website and once you’ve added that to every page on your website, then it gets propagated to every page and all the data streams in for Google Analytics. 

The Behavior section reveals what your visitors do on your website. Specifically, the reports tell you what pages people visit and what actions they take while visiting.

You can access Behavior reports using the menu in the left sidebar of your Google Analytics dashboard.

For example, in this video, I’ve discussed that I made content in regards to Diablo 2, an action role-playing hack-and-slash computer video game. In this webpage, you could keep track of how your pages are ranked according to the number of views.

You could click on your chosen page to see its detailed statistics, as seen in the screenshot above. You could also change the time period from daily, weekly, and monthly, depending on the data that you want to see. 

The Behavior Flow report lets you see the path visitors commonly take on your website—from the first page they view to the last page they visit before leaving your site. This report gives you a visual guide to how long visitors stay on your website and where those visitors end up leaving.

One of the keys to maintaining a successful website is continuous tracking and analysis of its performance metrics. Web analytics programs such as Google Analytics provide numerous reports about user behavior on your site. The Pageviews report in Analytics allows you to see how well a given page engages users relative to other pages. The Pageviews data can also provide insight into whether the content on a page meets the needs and expectations of your visitors.

How to install Node.js, NPM and Express in Windows


Node.js allows the development of web servers in JavaScript! This allows your front end and back end to both be created using Javascript! With this, you can create a scalable server without needing to implement threading. You can instead use event-driven programming that uses callbacks!

NPM, which is more commonly known as Node Package Manager is an application used to install node packages. This allows us to install things such as Express!

This quick guide will walk you through the process of installing and updating Node.JS, NPM and Express on Windows 10. We will also show how to set up your first Node.js site step by step!


  • The method used in this guide requires Windows 10
  • User account with administrative rights (or at least the ability to download and install programs)
  • Access to command line (Start -> Run -> type CMD)

How to install Node.js, NPM and Express in Windows

Download the Node.js installer

Navigate to the install page located at Once you are there, click on the Windows installer link to download the latest version for windows. This Node.js install will include NPM package manager. You will not have to download that separately.

Run the Node.js installer

  1. Now that you have the installer downloaded, either open your downloads folder and open the installer there or click the file icon at the bottom of your browser to launch the downloaded file.
  2. The system will verify that you would like to open the software – click Run
  3. Node.js will show you a welcome screen – click Next
  4. The next screen is the license agreement. Review this and the terms for installing the software – click Next
  5. The installer will ask for an installation location. Either leave the default location or choose a new location – click Next
  6. Next the installer will ask if you would like to change any components. either leave it set to default or modify as needed – click Next
  7. Now we just click the Install button and the installer will install Node.js and NPM

How to verify Node.JS and NPM are installed

To verify that Node Js and NPM are installed is actually really easy.

The first thing you need to do is open Command prompt or Windows Powershell and type the following command:

node -v

This command will show you the node version, which will indicate that it is installed. If you don’t get a version back then Node is not installed.

To verify that NPM is installed, get its version using the following command:

npm -v

As long as this returns a version, then you will know that NPM is installed as well!

Check Node.js version

How to update Node.js and NPM in Windows

The fastest method for updating Node.js and NPM will be to navigate to and download the latest version. Once you navigate to the download page, you can compare the version there against the version we found using the above command line functions to check your Node.js version.

To update Node.js, download the windows installer from and open it. The wizard will guide you through the process and will uninstall the old version and replace it with the new version of Node.js.

How to uninstall Node.js and NPM in Windows

The windows control panel is the best method for uninstalling Node.js on windows.

The steps to uninstall Node.js are:

  1. Open the start menu

    Open the start menu by clicking on it or using the Windows key to bring it up.

  2. Open the Settings screen

    Click the Settings button which looks like a cog wheel (or gear) icon

  3. Open the App page

    Once you have the Settings screen open, click on the Apps button.

  4. Find and hilight Node.js

    Scroll through your list of installed applications and find Node.js. After you find Node.js in the list, click on it to highlight it.

  5. Select Uninstall

    Click on the word Uninstall under Node.js. Clicking on Uninstall will launch the uninstall software wizard and walk you through the process from here.

Uninstall Node.js

How to use Node.js in Windows

Node.js is a development framework and not a regular application. That means that it interprets commands that are written. We are going to setup a little test script to ensure everything is working perfectly!

1. Open the text editor of your choice. (I recommend Visual Studio Code)

2. Copy and paste the following code into your editor:

var http = require('http');
 http.createServer(function (req, res) {
   res.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/html'});
   res.end('This is our first test!');

3. Save the file and exit the text editor (or use the in editor terminal window). Open Command prompt and input the following command:

node \path\to\thenewfile.js

Make sure the path to the newfile is changed to the path to your newly written file. This will tell Node where the server file is to run it. After this runs, it will look like nothing has happened. but in reality your script is constantly running in the background.

Windows defender may popup with a warning. For now, allow the application through windows defender so your website will work as intended.

4. Open your web browser and navigate to the following url:


You should see “This is our first test!” in the top left corner of the page!

If everything works perfectly, your computer is now acting as a server. Any computer connecting to your computer on port 8000 will see the message “This is our first test“.

The only trick is that nobody outside of your router will be allowed access without enabling port forwarding. Your router will just block their request before your computer has a chance to respond.

Wrap Up

Now that we have gone over how to install, update, remove and set up Node.js and NPM you should be ready to go! I can’t wait to hear about what applications you all have designed!

The sky is really the limit with this technology and I hope I helped you set up your own install of Node.js!

How to set up a Windows 10 FTP server – FileZilla FTP Server setup

How to set up a Windows 10 FTP server – FileZilla FTP Server setup

Using a free tool called FileZilla, we’ll walk you through the procedures to set up a folder on your Windows PC as an FTP repository. FTP allows you to easily transfer large amounts of data between computers; the FTP repository can be mapped to multiple computers across the Internet, allowing others to access the directory directly from Windows Explorer.

Download Filezilla

The first step is to download Filezilla server.

  • Go to in your browser. It will take us to the FileZilla Server download page if we click Download FileZilla Server.

Install Filezilla

Once the executable setup file is on your system follow the below steps to install it on your OS.

  • Double click on the FileZilla_Server setup file
  • Click on the Yes button, when it will ask your permission to run the setup.
  • Next, select the “I Agree” to accept the terms and conditions of the software.
  • Installing the Standard package is the default option. The only thing that will be unselected is “source code,” which you may choose if you are a developer or want to look at FileZilla’s code. Normally, though, we may leave it unchecked.
Choose Components
  • Select the Next button
Choose a destination
  • The destination folder will set to use the C drive, in case you don’t want to install it there, you can change it. Otherwise, click Next.
Choose a port

Leave the default option “Install as a server, starting with Windows” to let the FileZilla server start automatically with Windows. You can select that option if you wish to start it manually.

For the sake of this lesson, everything else may be left at the defaults except for the parameters listed above. The FileZilla interface will appear after the installation is complete. Now your installation is complete!

Configure Filezilla

When this window appears after installation, simply click OK:

We may now define a directory as an FTP repository after the FTP server UI has loaded. Minimize the UI and create a folder where you want the FTP share to reside if the directory you wish to use isn’t already there.

Add a User Account

Now the FileZilla FTP Server has been installed on Windows 10, we need to create an FTP user that can log in to the server. To set up an FTP user in the FileZilla server, complete the following steps:

  1. Click on the user icon (the Fourth icon from the left). Then, click on the add button and enter the name of the user account to be created and press OK.

  2. On the left side of the window that comes up, click on “Shared folders.”

  3. Once there, click on “Add” underneath “Users.” Enter the username for an account that another computer will be using to access the repository we’re setting up.

  4. Click OK once you’re done entering the account name, and then click on “Add” underneath the “Shared folders” section. Next is to select the directory you would like to share as an FTP repository.

  5. Click OK again. By default, the user we’ve created is able to read files, list directories, and list subdirectories. To give the user further permissions, such as the ability to copy files to this repository, check the boxes beneath ‘Files’ and ‘Directories.’

  6. Click OK once you’re done setting the user permissions.

And now our new FTP server is running!

how to check variables in Visual Studio 2019 – C# and VB.Net

Checking the value of variables while debugging in Visual Studio is one of the best features of the IDE in my opinion! Let’s quickly go over the different ways you can view the values stored in variables at run time!

Time needed: 1 minute.

There are multiple ways to check the variable values depending on the type of variable.

  1. Tooltip

    For simple variables, such as strings and integers, you can hover over the variable in the IDE while the application is paused at a breakpoint and see the value in a tooltip.

  2. Data visualizer

    For more complex variables, such as datatables, you will have to hover over the variable in the IDE while the application is paused at a breakpoint and then click the magnifying glass. This will bring up a window displaying the table data.

  3. Immediate Window

    You can bring up the immediate window and type in “?variableName” and it will output the value of a variable. The immediate window has a lot of other uses too!

  4. Watch Window

    The last method I show is the watch window. This window allows you to constantly track the value of variables as you step through code. This is the best option visually unless you are using complex data types such as Datatables!

I hope these methods help you debug your programs faster! These methods definitely help me out and I wanted to share them with everyone! Thanks for reading and if you have any recommendations that should be added to this list, let me know in the comments section!